These are unique identifiers separated by one or more periods (“.”) that act as a pointer to a unique numerical address (IP) on a computer network such as the Internet.
These are at the highest level in the DNS structure of the Internet. they are categorized into:
1. ccTLD: these are Two letter domains established for geographical locations/countries eg .ke, .au, .ug
2. gTLD - generic Top Level Domain. Examples are .com, .tours, .edu and others
These are Directly below a TLD in the DNS hierarchy, e.g. .co.ke, .or.ke
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